08-06-2012, 08:11 AM (This post was last modified: 08-06-2012 04:53 PM by Arslan Ahmed.)
17 Ramadan The Death of Ummul Mo'menein Hazrat Ayesha Siddiqa (R.A.)
17 Ramadan 58 Hijri The Death of Ummul Mo'menein Hazrat Ayesha Siddiqa (R.A.)
Grave of Ummul Mo'menein Hazrat Ayesha Siddiqa (R.A.) in Jannat-ul-Baqi
17 Ramadan 58 Hijri The Death of Ummul Mo'menein Hazrat Ayesha Siddiqa (R.A.)
HADRAT AYESHA BINT ABU BAKR (R.A)
Daught er of Hadrat Abu Bakr and t he most beloved wife of t he Holy Prophet , Hadrat Ayesha was born in t he fourt h year of the declarat ion of t he Prophet hood by Hadrat Mohammad (SAW). Her name was Ayesha, her surname was Umm-e-Abdullah (Mot her
of Abdullah) and generally she was called Siddiqa (The truthful). Since she had no children, so she did not have any surname. A surname was a great honour in t hose days and people always want ed one. So Hadrat Ayesha once asked the Holy Prophet ( SAW) ,
“ O Prophet of Allah, other women have their surnames but I have none. Please
suggest one for me” .
The Holy Prophet (SAW) said, “Why don’t you adopt the surname of Umm-e-
Abdullah” . Abdullah was the son of Hadrat Ayesha’ s sister.
Right from childhood, Hadrat Ayesha was ext raordinarily int elligent . As a girl she was very jolly, pleasant mannered, and had a fantastic memory. Even in her old age she could recollect the most minut e det ails of her childhood. When the Hijrah (Migration
of t he Holy Prophet (SAW) from Makkah t o Medina) t ook place, she was hardly in her eighth of ninth year, but history had recorded a great number of t radit ions narrated by Hadrat Ayesha. No other companion (One who had meetings with the Holy Prophet(P.B.U.H ) of the Holy Prophet (P.B.U.H) had so many Ahadih to his or her credit .
The Holy Prophet (SAW) and Hadrat Abu Bakr (RA) had verbally declared each other as brother. In that society, such a verbal declaration was considered no less than the real relationship. But the marriage of the Holy Prophet with the daughter of Hadrat Abu Bakr (RA) proved that prohibition of marriage with brother’s daughter only applies to blood relations.
After Hadrat Khadij a’ s death, Hadrat Khaula, wife of Hadrat Othman (RA) inquired
from the Holy Prophet , if he want ed t o re-marry t o dispel his grief.
The Holy Prophet asked Khaula. “ Whom should I marry? Widow or Virgin” .
“ Both kind of women are available. Ayesha, daughter of Abu Bakr is a virgin and
Saudaa daughter of Zama‘a is widow. Now it is up t o you” , Hadrat Khaula said.
Later, the Holy Prophet married both women. Earlier to her marriage with the Holy Prophet, Hadrat Ayesha (RA) was engaged to a non-Muslim. Her would-be in-laws declined to go for this marriage on the plea that Hadrat Ayesha’ s arrival in their family may make their son a Muslim too. And thus the engagement was broken. Hadrat Ayesha was t hen only six years old.
Aft er set t ling down in Medina for some time, t he Holy Prophet sent Hadrat Zaid, son of Harit h and his servant Abu Raafe t o Makkah for escorting Hadrat Ayesha (RA) t o Medina. Hadrat Zaid and Raafe, were given five hundred dirhams and t wo camels as provision for t he j ourney. Hadrat Ayesha was brought safely t o Medina but t he change of climate had adverse effects on her. She fell ill and lost her beaut iful hair. Aft er a prolonged illness, she recovered and gained weight . Then Hadrat Abu Bakr asked t he Holy Prophet (SAW) “ Why don’ t you t ake Ayesha t o your home? The Nikah (The rit ual
of marriage ceremony. In includes recitation of Holy verses and distribution of
sweets etc.) has al ready been announced” .
“ I am helpless, I don not have the money to pay Mehr (Mehr is t he money which is
obligat ory on a Muslim t o pay t o his wife before consummation), i.e. the downer
money” , t he Holy Prophet (SAW) said. On hearing t his, Hadrat Abu Bakr (RA) arranged five hundred dirhams on his own and present ed t he money t o t he Holy Prophet . The money was sent to Hadrat Ayesha (RA) by Hadrat Mohammad (SAW) and Hadrat Ayesha (RA) was brought to the Holy Prophet ’ s house in t he mont h of Shawwal (Tent h
mont h of Islamic calendar year) of t he first year of Hij rah.
At the time of Hadrat Ayesha’ s birth, the house of Hadrat Abu Bakr (RA) was already illuminated with the light of Islam and had kindled a great love of Islam in Hadrat Ayesha’ s heart. This love constantly grew after her marriage with the Holy Prophet (SAW). Resultantly, she played a significant role as wife of the Holy Prophet (SAW). Many cont roversial and significant incident s are at t ribut ed t o her life, such as Ifk (If k :
Incident relat ing t o allegat ion of adult ery on Hadrat Ayesha (RA) and Allah’ s verdict about t he matter) Eilaa (Eilla : Incident of abstination of t he Holy Prophet (SAW) from his wives), Tehreem (Tehreem : Incident relating to abst ination of the Holy Prophet from eat ing honey) and Thakh’ eer (Takh’ eer : The incident of opt ion given t o t he wives of t he Holy Prophet (SAW) t o cont inue marit al bond or choose divorce).
The details of the incident of Ifk are briefly as follows:
Once Hadrat Ayesha (RA) was accompanying the Holy Prophet (SAW) in a caravan. During t he j ourney, t he caravan st opped for a night ’ s st ay. Hadrat Ayesha (RA) went out of her camp t o relieve her self and lost her precious necklace somewhere in t he way. As she came t o know of t his loss, she start ed searching her lost necklace. In t he meantime, the caravan moved on its j ourney. Hadrat Ayesha did not know that the caravan has moved. When she came back t o her camp, she found t he caravan had moved and she was left alone. She wrapped herself in a clot h sheet and wait ed t o be
rescued. Soon she was approached by Safwan son of Maut t al, whose duty was to trial behind the caravan to collect the left overs and to join the caravan afterwards. He recognized Hadrat Ayesha and asked her to mount on his camel while he walked alongside. By noon, they joined the caravan.
This incident provided a golden opport unit y t o t he mischief-mongers and they created
a lot of misconcept ion. These hypocrit es (Hypocrit es: Peopl e who had embraced Islam
under social compulsion and were non-believers at their hearts. These people always
conspired against Islam to subvert it from within) started a malicious propaganda
against Hadrat Ayesha and accused her of adultery. This dirty propaganda built such a pressure that the Holy Prophet (SAW) was compelled to send Hadrat Ayesha to her parent ’ s house for some t ime. The Holy Prophet (SAW) was approached in t his matter for reconciliation. But he said, “ If Ayesha is innocent, Allah will defend her” . So the mat t er was left t here for quit e a few days unt il Allah vindicat ed Hadrat Ayesha of this false accusation and t he Holy Prophet ’ s predict ion proved t rue. In Surah (A chapter of
t he Holy Quran) Al-Noor,Allah confirmed t he innocence of Hadrat Ayesha (RA).
This happened when the Holy Prophet had gone to see Hadrat Ayesha at her parent ’ s place. The Holy Prophet , after the revelation, smilingly told Hadrat Ayesha t hat Allah had revealed her innocence and recit ed t he verses of Surah Al Noor. Hadrat Ayesha’ s mot her asked her, t o get up and bow in thanks before the Holy Prophet (SAW).
“ No I am only grat eful t o my Allah” , prompt ly replied Hadrat Ayesha (RA).
The incident of Eilaa is also quite important . It is said that the
sustenance provided t o t he Holy Prophet ’ s wives was insufficient. The provisions included foodgrains, dates etc. All t he wives of t he Holy Prophet unanimously complain about t he inadequacy of t he provisions. The Holy Prophet (SAW) showed his displeasure. Hadrat Abu Bakr and Hadrat Umar beseeched their daughters not to press for increase in the provisions but the other wives continued their demand. At last t he Holy Prophet (SAW) decided not t o have any relat ions wit h his wives for a mont h. He shifted to a separate room away from his wives for many days. It creat ed a great stir in t he people and t hey thought t hat t he Holy Prophet has divorced his wives. Hadrat Umar sought t he Holy Prophet ’ s interview on this point. Twice, the request was disallowed. On the third time Hadrat Umar (R.A) was allowed to visit the Holy Prophet (P.B.U.H. Hadrat Umar found the Holy Prophet (P.B.U.H) lying on a rough and barecot , which had left marks on his body. Eart hen ut ensils were lying astray on the floor. On watching this scene, Hadrat Umar was overcome with grief. He asked.
“ O Prophet of Allah, Have you divorced your wives?”
“ No” the Holy Prophet said.
behaviour but she explained, “ The Holy Prophet (SAW) had said t hat people should be
dealt with according to t heir rank and merit ” .
Hadrat Ayesha was generous and beneficent . Once Abu Zubair sent her one hundred thousand dirhams as gift. Hadrat Ayesha was observing fast that day. She immediately distributed all the money among the needy. In the evening, at the time of Iftar, her maid servant remarked, “ O, Mother of t he faithful you could have saved some money for buying some food for Iftar” .
“ Oh, why didn’ t you remind meat that time,” she replied.
She was God-fearing and kind-heart ed. Some misconceptions led t he evens insuch a way t hat she fought a bat t le against t he fourt h Caliph Hadrat Ali (RA). This bat t le is called ‘ The battle of Camel’ (Hadrat Ayesha was riding a camel in the battle). She always repented this action for whole of her life. Whenever she recalled her part icipat ion in t his bat t le, she used t o weep and say, “ I wish I could be dead t went y years ago” .
By being a kind-hearted woman, it does not prove that she was a coward. She
frequently visited the graveyard during the night to offer Fat ihah (Prayer of Muslims
offered for pardoning the sins of the dead).
In the batte of Khandaq (Battle fought at Madina in which a deep circular trench was
dug around Medina as defence against the enemy) the Muslims were surrounded and
besieged by the enemy. The danger of sabot age from Jews living in Medina was also imminent, but fearlessly she surveyed the battlefield in the open, many a times. In t he bat t le of Uhad, (Battle f ought wit h Meccans near the mountain of Uhad situated
bet ween Medina and Mekkah), she nursed the wounded and supplied water in the
battlefield to soldiers.
She possessed many virtues. Because of her virtues and religious merits, she was considered better than all the male and female companions of t he Holy Prophet ( P.B.U.H). She excelled in knowledge, intelligence and intimacy with the Holy Prophet (SAW) more than anyone but her father. There are many incidents which prove her superiority over others.
She once said herself, “ I have t en qualit ies which give me preference over t he rest of
t he Holy Prophet ’ s wives:
I am t he only virgin married t o t he Holy Prophet (SAW).
I am t he only wife whose parent s bot h fat her and mot her, undert ook migrat ion for t he
cause of Islam.
Allah, Himself vindicat ed my posit ion and declared me innocent when I was accused.
Gabriel came to the Holy Prophet while personifying as Ayesha and asked him to
Many a time, the Holy Prophet offered prayers while I was before him.
At the time of divine revelation, I used to be with him.
When t he soul of t he Holy Prophet left his body his head was on my chest .
I and t he Holy Prophet (SAW) while bathing took water from one
The Holy Prophet (SAW) passed away in t he night when he was visit ing my house (The
Holy Prophet (SAW) visited his wives turn by turn).
My house was blessed to become t he burial place of t he Holy Prophet (SAW).
Others Opinion about Hadrat Ayesha
The books of History and Hadith prove t hat t here is no ot her Prophet ’ s wife having so many virtues. The Holy Prophet (SAW) had said that, “ Ayesha is superior to other women as t hareed (A kind of dish prepared in Arabic) is superior t o ot her foods” .
Masr ooq Tabe‘yi (Those who enjoyed t he company of t he companions of t he Holy Prophet but could not see or meet t he Holy Prophet (SAW)) said, “ I have seen many
companions of the Holy Prophet (SAW) asking Hadrat Ayesha for the solution of
difficult religious questions in the light of the Shariah”.
Imam Zohri said, “ The knowledge of Hadrat Ayesha is better that the accumulative
knowledge of all Muslims and wives of the Holy Prophet (SAW)” . Once Hadrat Abu
Musa Ahr‘ari said, “ We, the people who had once enj oyed the company of the Holy Prophet, never hesitated in asking the correct religious interpretations from Hadrat Ayesha and she always prompt ly guided us” .
Urvah son of Zubair said, “ She was excellent in religious logic, medicine and
poetry. She had a fantastic memory. Many a times, she recited rhymes of more
t han a hundred verses” . Abu Salma (Son of Abdur Rehman Bi n Auf ) had said.
“ I have never seen a better scholar of Sunnah (Saying of t he Holy Prophet (SAW)
and his deeds), blessed with insight of Islamic jurisprudence, than her. She knew
the interpretation of divine revelations and holy verses” .
A quotation of At a bin Abu-Rabah goes like this:
“ Ayesha was a great theologian, better Muslim and a remarkable thinker” .
History quotes incident , that once Hadrat Muavia asked his companions, “ Who is t he
greatest theologian of our times” .
“ No, other than you sir” , the courtiers replied.
“ No! can you make t his st at ement on an oat h?”
“ No Muavia! t he t rut h is t hat t here is none like Hadrat Ayesha” , one of t hem said.
No doubt, being the most beloved wife of the Holy Prophet (SAW), Hadrat Ayesha enjoyed the best opportunity of imbibing knowledge and guidance from the Holy Prophet. But there were many others, who also had similar affinity with the Holy Prophet (SAW) but t he genius of Hadrat Ayesha int erpret ed and explained t he divine message and the Holy Prophet’ s actions in the most befitting manner. Rest of the people lagged behind. She could penetrate into the depths of a problem instantly while others could not .
Hadrat Ayesha had a logical mind. Normally, it is seen that the people having a practical mind are more prone to atheism and disbelief in religion, and, because of the habit of rationalizing every problem, fall easy prey to worldly theories. But Hadrat Ayesha, although a great intellectual, had much knowledge of Islamic j urisprudence and love for Islam. The pollut ed concept of religion, then prevailing in Arabia, was full of superstitions. The common people used amulets, charms and witchcraft to dispel mishaps and solve their problems. The women of those times zealously followed these practices. Hadrat Ayesha detested superstition since only Allah is competent to punish or reward anybody. She fought relentlessly against all t hese social evils. Once she saw a razor (It was a sort of ‘ Charm’ having recourse t o
some deity) placed by the side of a child’ s bed. She was very angry, and forbade this
pract ice saying, “ The Holy Prophet was against all superst it ious charms, amulets and
The above incident throws a glowing light upon t he progressive orient at ion of Islam. Only ignorant people fall prey t o such superst it ions. These superst it ions lead a Muslim into the depths of disbelief in Allah. A true Muslim believes that good or evil only comes from Allah and none else. Women should be most careful and should not succumb to superstitions.
Hadrat Ayesha has reported more than 2,250 Ahadith (Sayings of t he Holy Prophet
(SAW), piural of Hadith). She lived for sixty-three years. She hated flattery and
avoided meeting with flatterers. While she was suffering from her last illness (She
died in same illness), Abdullah Bin Abbas request ed t he permission t o visit her which
she declined, because she knew t hat he will start flattering her. On t he insist ence of her nephews she allowed Abdullah, who st art ed praising her qualit ies t he moment he arrived. She immediately said, “ Ibn-e-Abbass leave me and do not try to flatter. I swear on Allah, I wish, I would have been a st one” .
The greatness of Hadrat Ayesha can be j udged by the fact that whenever someone visit ed her during her fat al illness, invariably she said, “ All praises are for Allah, I am fine” .
Hadrat Ayesha died during the rule of Hadrat Muavia in the month of Ramadan (A
mont h of fast ing in Islamic Calendar). That night , innumerable t orches and lant erns
were burning and the streets of Madina had such a great rush of women that it
seemed like Eid (A day of celebration of festivity for Muslims at the end of the
month of fasting i.e. Ramadan).
Ubaid bin Kumair asked a st ranger t hat night , “ Who is grieved due t o Hadrat Ayesha’ s
“ Every body is sad to whom she was a mother, and she was mother of all the faithful” , the stranger replied. She had made a will that she should be buried at night , so she was buried, in t he night she died, after her funeral prayers in Jannat-ul -Baqi’
which witnessed unprecedented rush. Hadrat Abu Huraira led the funeral
prayers. Abdullah bin Muhammad bin Abdur Rehman and Abdullah bin Abdur Rehman lowered her body into the grave.
May her soul rest in peace.
|Messages In This Thread|
17 Ramadan The Death of Ummul Mo'menein Hazrat Ayesha Siddiqa (R.A.) - Arslan Ahmed - 08-06-2012 08:11 AM
RE: 17 Ramadan The Death of Ummul Mo'menein Hazrat Ayesha Siddiqa (R.A.) - Isha saman - 08-06-2012, 03:20 PM
RE: 17 Ramadan The Death of Ummul Mo'menein Hazrat Ayesha Siddiqa (R.A.) - **Deena Sweet** - 08-06-2012, 05:15 PM
RE: 17 Ramadan The Death of Ummul Mo'menein Hazrat Ayesha Siddiqa (R.A.) - CokeAndLays - 08-06-2012, 05:35 PM
RE: 17 Ramadan The Death of Ummul Mo'menein Hazrat Ayesha Siddiqa (R.A.) - Arslan Ahmed - 08-06-2012, 05:39 PM
RE: 17 Ramadan The Death of Ummul Mo'menein Hazrat Ayesha Siddiqa (R.A.) - Hawa - 08-10-2012, 02:05 PM
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