Z{sH;; vmXK6W dwEmV"ifdݯGg] bi=_w_d#9qq^t_^^`݄G׾x8/Zig2ؓ}[&C޹GZM=uii<י<-ZpO$Ԭ^얻FGnz~t-hD\ i,!Izz.`Ҭ;Jbln,-vy%tނpە3v5b9G[µ 7 s PRLPhΐL]|Nq:wa\ֶZ阹#(7W\v\QwFļdYߚʉ%oH>c`nC\+qB%vofϩHvG@)T~ȇB9` #PPve M;,}˘ aW)@zq;g>:yok"CCBF|3 D r?bmf-F^q=qb;cO@h!=聟6)Si0*L|hT"B9\kXV%3! 4$Q,UO G W.̻N *\ ڶ+$8]~ӮJ oa͂8@;1Ŏufh/fPB#{< 83d:ȝ'SٶAڥ-1SA:Ҿh 5frٻڨސMOCqFOlK+HWihrPoV~- ]6ƾQ[fƾ=ٓnk]ؐxJ#hv l\z2*aKvW'@q6ZAMVK߸ABeY6q *eލ*5U졔@9਩]ENbW4:[:v-la3e<o'l?R`313H_kUvTa`wq#fB`z+6VlQ'=BDZ9Q:ѰSQX4Zhht qpfɨ(UA dzt1&B\K6G\Q`qو󮷃T^: ̲A5 mF6@DD2(o/egStj=/9LU۰:jb6SixIkqJ0!r{!(Όٸ3p]С;Y4cA.n;c/D@˺-<]X?<*w18Ό C_ؗ܅R@ĹPI3 yK)s Ub;9 \%W feWtGB&.8 2@6rt}D E+\ 18]D7=.NO#J8pCn+|glvHiT;1Gt:L8Oѕ/)pcov'x %O0C={9tLG)#E~v1S=7+1* 192x)kmqjCQ@8<4 6v(D CI[?[aA߿Ry%0 ̛3pgZ ]?/,;=3[`@ОP(}dsL&Sg @H&D8T!#H8  Lb} Hwt(r`DR0T"A[f#76^d.(*K!tɱ""09* IƉc{sW13R'brAɈCu9uv>oϕĽ?L)[D #v/c@P= ! '=xkEUFp,x:l3wPf~pp8_2rc78EXB~鸱xj\T\K5L\(Ϸp/#\0":/4D%gT5 TV8W/^?SeJ,:X3 V@g]ї)Ӈ.O?sC\?0>V|ڀl׀Ϊ۠Q>h藆u_65%\[;@ QkA`zԝq}Wy5CIBJ"iiE2HIˤccHy*I@%3ŝK’!SQA rw a;zI-

JavaScript Introduction

JS Introduction

JavaScript Special Characters

In JavaScript you can add special characters to a text string by using the backslash sign.

Insert Special Characters

The backslash (\) is used to insert apostrophes, new lines, quotes, and other special characters into a text string.

Look at the following JavaScript code:

var txt="We are the so-called "Vikings" from the north.";

In JavaScript, a string is started and stopped with either single or double quotes. This means that the string above will be chopped to: We are the so-called

To solve this problem, you must place a backslash (\) before each double quote in "Viking". This turns each double quote into a string literal:

var txt="We are the so-called \"Vikings\" from the north.";

JavaScript will now output the proper text string: We are the so-called "Vikings" from the north.

Here is another example:

document.write ("You \& I are singing!"); 

The example above will produce the following output:

You & I are singing!

The table below lists other special characters that can be added to a text string with the backslash sign:

Code Outputs
\' single quote
\" double quote
\& ampersand
\\ backslash
\n new line
\r carriage return
\t tab
\b backspace
\f form feed

W]s8}3~6biH ٤ iw2r-B?~dB jX:WGHWp9D*tqMȗbN㜦+.RrVT#d>7C2&:գV@{c UPrAÛ@ Xk^gYĬo%4yk-8Mc=s)P !z 3Z-)7B!˜Ώ9bO؇r;nia:op* xKV2tXniL-2tnVx>>٩u֞iRsUkWB5ޕU gB E r/+;eO+K_N,1K5yfE"1Z u1[iR4|#M֣kKZ9Z#~%E~wq 3 m:rګ;Oa3 K/y5nD\*J5α߆'`ĿF